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Cardamom is an aromatic spice and also it is one of the World's very ancient spice. It is one of the highest-priced herbs in the world and is widely grown in southern India. Indian popularly known as "elichi or cardamom" is a tropical fruit of the ginger family known as ElettariaCardamomum. Cardamom has a thin or papery outer shell and small black seed. This spice used for flavoring, medicinal, or masticator purposely. Cardamom is called the 'queen of spice'.
Cardamom is considered to be one of the world's oldest spice. Cardamom originally came from wild plants located in the Western Ghats in southern India. The Greeks and Romans used cardamom for its pungent aroma. Ancient Egyptians used cardamom for many medicinal purposes, as part of rituals and even for embalming. The chewed cardamom pods as a way to help keep their breath minty and to help clean their teeth.
Cardamom groups well in a hot and humid climate with 14 degrees centigrade to 32 degrees centigrade temperature, 150 cm to 600 cm of rainfall. Deep black loams soil with high humus content found in the forest region is suited for cultivation. It also grows on laterite soil, Clay loams, and rich black soils, in it must remember a good drainage system.
Below listed are some of the commercially cultivate varieties of small cardamom in India.
Cardamom is used as a spice and masticatory and in medicine. The seeds of cardamom possess a pleasant aroma and a characteristic, warm, slightly, pungent taste. Both forms of cardamom are used to add flavor to both food and drink. Cardamom used is savored and sheet dishes.
The aroma and therapeutic properties are due to the volatile oil in its seed. Tinctures of cardamom are used chiefly in medicines to relieve flatulence and for strengthening digestion activities curative effects of the spice are
It is also used for pharmaceutical purposes, perfumery, flavoring liqueurs, and bitters.
Green cardamom is one of the most expensive spices highly in the world. The main reason this spice is so expensive is that it needs to be harvested by hand. It is a very labor-intensive handpicked process. Each cardamom pods must be picked timely and so carefully and all this labor, care and timing are just more costly. The demand for cardamom has been on the rise so the basic rules of supply and demand have also added to the price of unique spice.
All this cardamom is a very versatile spice having a wide range of culinary and therapeutic uses. It is an extension part of our daily cooking. And all of the benefits of this spice is rightly called as "QUEEN OF SPICE".